Recommended Literature Resources

Recommended Literature Resources

Recommended Articles

Editor: Robert Magnussen, MD

The following articles have been recommended by members of the International Patellofemoral Study Group.

Patellar nomenclature: The tower of babel revisited.
Grelsamer R P.
Clinical orthopaedics and related research, 2005, (436), 60-65.




Diagnosis and Treatment

Is Knee Pain During Adolescence a Self-limiting Condition? Prognosis of Patellofemoral Pain and Other Types of Knee Pain.

Rathleff MS, Rathleff CR, Olesen JL, Rasmussen S, Roos EM. Am J Sports Med. 2016 Jan 20. pii: 0363546515622456. [Epub ahead of print]

2016 Patellofemoral pain consensus statement from the 4th International Patellofemoral Pain Research Retreat, Manchester. Part 2: recommended physical interventions (exercise, taping, bracing, foot orthoses and combined interventions).

Crossley KM, van Middelkoop M, Callaghan MJ, Collins NJ, Rathleff MS, Barton CJ. Br J Sports Med. 2016;50(14):844-852.

Factors that predict a poor outcome 5-8 years after the diagnosis of patellofemoral pain: a multicentre observational analysis.

Lankhorst NE, van Middelkoop M, Crossley KM, Bierma-Zeinstra SM, Oei EH, Vicenzino B, Collins NJ. Br J Sports Med. 2015 Oct 13. pii: bjsports-2015-094664. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2015-094664.

Hip posterolateral musculature strengthening in sedentary women with patellofemoral pain syndrome: a randomized controlled clinical trial with 1-year follow-up.

Fukuda TY, Melo WP, Zaffalon BM, Rossetto FM, Magalhães E, Bryk FF, Martin RL. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2012 Oct;42(10):823-30.

Hip strengthening prior to functional exercises reduces pain sooner than quadriceps strengthening in females with patellofemoral pain syndrome: a randomized clinical trial.

Dolak KL, Silkman C, Medina McKeon J, Hosey RG, Lattermann C, Uhl TL. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2011 Aug;41(8):560-70. doi: 10.2519/jospt.2011.3499. Epub 2011 Jun 7.

Immediate effect and predictors of effectiveness of taping for patellofemoral pain syndrome: a prospective cohort study.

Lan TY, Lin WP, Jiang CC, Chiang H. Am J Sports Med. 2010 Aug;38(8):1626-30. Epub 2010 May 26.

Diagnosis and treatment of patients with patellofemoral pain.

Fulkerson JP. Am J Sports Med. 2002 May-Jun;30(3):447-56. Review.

Resection of clinically localized segments of painful retinaculum in the treatment of selected patients with anterior knee pain.

Kasim N, & Fulkerson JP. American Journal of Sports Medicine. 2000, 28(6), 811-814.



Non-operative Management and Recurrence

Surgical Techniques

MPFL Reconstruction

Tibial Tubercle Osteotomy


Biomechanical Effects of Surgery

MPFL Reconstruction

Tibial Tubercle Osteotomy

Other Procedures

Surgical Outcomes

Medial Reefing and Lateral Release

MPFL Reconstruction

MPFL Reconstruction